Display Panel 2014 – Aldbourne TimeLine

Britain & World
~5,000 BCMesolithicMicroliths have been found at Woodsend, Stock Lane & North Farm
~2,500 BCNeolithicLarge numbers of flint implements have been found at the Warren, North Farm, Stock Close & many other places
~500 BCBronze Age
43 ADIron AgeField systems at Upham, Stock Lane, Hillwood, etc.43AD - Roman Conquest
~450 ADRoman ProvinceCoin hoard at North Farm, traces of baths at Upper Upham
519Dark Ages
520Kingdom of the Gewissae597 - Mission of St Augustine of Canterbury
648Kingdom of WessexCenwalh - Æthelbert664 - Synod of Whitby
878Alfred the GreatBattle of Ethandun. Treaty of Wedmore creates the Danelaw
880King Alfred leaves "a ham at Ældingburnham" to his nephew Ælthelm
late 9th CtyAlfred the GreatWooden Saxon church built dedicated to St Mary Magdelene
927Kingdom of EnglandHouse of Wessex
939Edmund I
959Edgar the Peaceful
975Edward the MartyrAlfheah, a relative of King Edgar, leaves property in Aldbourne to his brother
978Æthelred the UnreadyUpham named after Hubba, a Danish chieftain. [Manor of?] Aldbourne holds 6 Burgages in Cricklade & a well endowed church
1013DenmarkSweyn Forkbeard
1014Kingdom of EnglandWsxÆthelred the Unready
1016Edmund Ironside
1035Harold Harefoot
1042House of WessexEdward the Confessor
1053Earl Godwin leaves the Manor of Aldbourne to his widow, Gytha, the niece of King Cnut
1066Harold Godwinson
1066Edgar the Ætheling
1066House of NormandyWilliam IWilliam I siezes the Manor of Aldbourne from Gytha1066 - Battle of Hastings
1086Domesday: Aldbourne is assessed as worth £70 p.a. - "a Glebe of two Hides worth 40 shillings and the priest had two ploughs". The land was 45 Carucates (approx. 5,400 acres) with a mile long meadow, pasture one mile by half a mile and wood 2 miles long by half a mile broad.
1087William II
1100Henry I
1135BloisStephen1135-1153 - The Anarchy
c1150Norman church of St Mary Magdalene built
1154AnjouHenry II
1189Richard I
1199John1215 - Magna Carta
1216PlantagenetHenry IIILouis the Dauphine garrisons Lewisham Castle
c1220The Norman church is badly damaged by fire; rebuilt with pointed arches
1229Henry III gives the Manor of Aldbourne to William Langspée, 4th Earl of Salisbury1265 - Defeat of Simon de Montfort at the Battle of Evesham
1272Edward I
1285The Manor of Aldbourne is 16 years in arrears to the Hundred of Selkley
1301Richard de Whityngdigh - first known Vicar of Aldbourne
1307Edward II
1311Regular market is held on the Green every Thursday1314 - Battle of Bannockburn
1318William Walrond is appointed Reeve of Aldbourne Forest. The family remain as Rangers of the Chase until 1620.
1327Edward IIIThomas atte Halle lives at Hillwood Farm
1365John of Gaunt receives Aldbourne from the Earl of Salisbury1348 - Black Death arrives in England
1377Richard II1381 - Peasants' Revolt
1382Aldbourne had a Shambles [stall] at Trowbridge Market
c1385 [1399?]Henry Bolingbroke [later Henry IV] inherits Aldbourne from his father John o' Gaunt
1399LancasterHenry IV
1412Henry V
1422Henry VI
1440John Wykham is appointed Warrener of Aldbourne Chase
1460Church is remodelled with present tower by Richard Goddard and rededicated to St Michael the Archangel
1460The Chantry of the Fraternity of the Blessed Virgin Mary is founded to tend the Lady Chapel. Henry Frekylton is appointed Chaplain of the Fraternity.
1461YorkEdward IV
1470Henry VI
1471YorkEdward IV
1483Edward V
1483Richard III
1485TudorHenry VII1485 - Battle of Bosworth
1492Elizabeth Goddard, wife of Richard Goddard dies. She is commemorated by a brass on the floor of the South AisleChristopher Columbus discovers the New World
1508Death of Henry Frekylton. He has a brass on the floor of the Chancel
1509Henry VIIIDuchy of Lancaster Rent Roll of Manor of Aldbourne
1516The oldest bell is hung in the Tower in memory of Richard Goddard and his two wives. An ale is held outside the Blue Boar and the upturned bell is filled with beer.
1527The Abbess of Lacocke renewed the lease of land at Upham to John Goddard, woolman1534 - Act of Supremacy
1539Henry VIII grants Upham to John Goddard1536 - Dissolution of the Monasteries
1541Thomas Seymour becomes Rector of Aldbourne
1546Chantry of St Mary the Virgin is dissolved
1547Edward VI
1553Mary (& Philip)The first mention of the name of South Street
1562Reversion of Upham is sold to Thomas Goddard
1588Thomas Goddard gives £25 towards defence against the Armada1588 - Spanish Armada
1590The great Dissenter William Wild is born
1600Fustian manufacture introduced into England[???]
1603StuartJames I (& VI)1605 - Gunpowder Plot
1614William and Edward Walrond dies. They had lived in the house of the Fraternity of St Mary the Virgin and have an elaborate tomb in the Lady Chapel
1624James I settled Aldbourne Manor on Prince Charles (Charles I)
1625Charles I
c1626Charles I sells the Manor to the City of London
1636Last deer killed in the Chase
1637Surviving parish registers commence 1642 - Civil War Begins
1643Battle of Aldbourne Chase - Prince Rupert's cavalry ambush the Earl of Essex's Army
1644On April 10th Charles I musters his army of about 9, 000 men in the Chase
1645Royalists attack a Parliamentary company quartered in Aldbourne.
1648Plague in Aldbourne
1649Inter-regnumFirst Commonwealth1649 - Execution of King Charles I
1659Second Commonwealth
1660Kingdon of EnglandStuartCharles IIEd Witts introduces fustian manufacture into the village1660 - Restoration of the Monarchy
16661666 - Fire of London
1667Thomas Fairchild, gardener, and pioneer of the hybridisation of plants, is born in Aldbourne
1669Some 300 Dissenters meet at Court House on Thursdays and Saturdays to hear preachers such as Christopher Fowler and Noah Webb
1685James II1685 - Battle of Sedgemoor
16881688 - Glorious Revolution
1689William IV & Mary II
1694William & Robert Corr start the manufacture of bells and wooden buttons at Court House1701 - Act of Settlement
1707Death of William Wild aged 1161707 - Act of Union
1713Robert Corr buys Court House from Elizabeth Bond, daughter-in-law of Thomas Bond who had bought the Manor from the City of London
1714HanoverGeorge I
1715Aldbourne has an Independent Church; S.Oldfield is the Minister
172424,000 rabbits are counted on the Warren
1727George II
1732The Market Cross is fitted with an iron lamp
1739J.Corr, E.Gould and 100 villagers stone and harass the Constable, Adye Ayres for three nights
1741John Starrs and Edward Read take over and run the Bell Foundry at Court House from the Corr family1755 - Samuel Johnson's Dictionary published
1760First Great Fire: Fire destroyed 72 dwellings, a Fustian warehouse and also ricks, barns and granaries to the value of £20,000
1760George III
1760Robert Wells started the manufacture bell founding at Bell Court
1764Market Cross restored (slanted cross dates from then)1776 - American Independence
1777Second Great Fire: August 24thA great fire destroyed 80 houses and 20 barns to a value of £10,000 plus £3, 000 covered by insurance. Towns, villages far and wide (including Oxford colleges and London Livery Companies) donated money to the relief fund
1778Two fire engines, Adam & Eve, were obtained for the village fire brigade1779 - Ironbridge built by Abraham Darby
1787No. 1 bell given to the church by Robert Wells and J.Pizzie and W. Gwynne give No. 2 bell
1790Straw plaiting prospers in the village
1800The Village Workhouse is built in South Street1803 - Battle of Trafalgar
1805-9Enclosure: The four open fields are surveyed and plots held by all landowners and tenants are consolidated into fields and farms
1807Lousa Poor, a slave, is baptized & buried in Aldbourne1807 - Slave Trade Act passed
1811A waterspout accompanies severe flooding in South Street
1814Robert Drewe, an Aldbourne-born soldier in the 20th Regiment of Foot, is a pall-bearer at Napoleon Bonaparte's funeral in St Helena1815 - Battle of Waterloo
1817Third Great Fire: Fire destroys 15 cottages, 3 barns, 2 malt-houses, smithy & carpenter's shop to the value of £4, 000
1820George IV
1826Robert Wells, Bell-founder, declared bankrupt1825 - Stockton & Darlington Railway opens
1830William IVSwing Riots: About 400 men came from Ramsbury and demonstrate in the village, smashing threshing machines belonging to Broome Witts & demanding money and food1832 - Great Reform Act
1834 - New Poor Law Act
1835The first brass and reed band forms under Richard Bunce
1837Victoria1838 - Slavery Abolition Act enforced
1837-9Tithe Apportionment: Tithes due to ecclesiastical authorities in the parish are assessed and commuted to annual rates1838 -Chartist Movement founded
1844Wesleyan Methodist Chapel built in Lottage Road1841 - Great Western Railway reaches Swindon
1846Baptist Chapel built in Back Lane1846 - Corn Laws repealed
1851Bell founding in Aldbourne finally ceases when the last founder, James Bridgeman, falls when rehanging a church bell and is too badly injured to continue in the trade.
1855Chapel School at Woodsend is opened by the Rural Dean
1858School built on land donated by W. Brown1859 - On the Origin of Species
1867Church is remodeled by William Butterfield
c1867Chair making commences
1870Ambrose Goddard buys the near-derelict Upham House1870 - Education Act
1878-9Canon Greenwell excavates the Bronze Age Barrows to the North of the village. His finds include the Aldbourne Cup now in the British Museum
1880A man named Woodley is the last drunk, to be locked up in the Blind
1887A new Church Clock is installed to celebrate the Jubilee
1892William Brown gives the Green to the village as his Manor Court is replaced by the Parish Council
1900The Windmill is demolished
1901Saxe-Coburg-GothaEdward VII
c1902Miss Hanbury (later Lady Currie) rebuilds Upham House to the designs of Edward Lutyens
c1905Snap Farm closes and the last inhabitant of Snap, Rachel Fisher, is moved into the village
1910A Village Wedding, written and produced by Charles McEvoy is staged in the Malthouse Barn before George Bernard Shaw and then tours the country
1910WindsorGeorge V
1914-18First World War: more than 100 Aldbourne men join the Forces. Forty-eight do not return.
1915Severe flooding in Lottage, West Street and the Square
1915No. 5 Bell recast and the bells are rehung on a steel frame. The clock is repaired and fitted with Westminster Chimes
1924Adam & Eve retired from service
1925James White of Foxhill gives the Band 41 instruments which cost £6501926 - General Strike
1927Chair manufacture ceases
1936Edward VIII
1936George VI1936 - Jarrow Hunger March
1937Seat erected by the Court House & 14 trees planted to commemorate the Coronation of George VI
1939-45Second World War: Thirteen Aldbourne men are lost
1940Severe flash floods in the centre of the village follow a torrential downpour
1944Elements of the U.S. 101st Airborne Division are billeted in Aldbourne in the months before D-Day1948 - Olympic Games in London
1953 - Everest conquered; Queen Elizabeth's Coronation
1961New development planned for Aldbourne - Cook & Alma Roads, the Garlings and Westfield Chase
1963A very cold winter with prolonged heavy snow and low temperatures
197018th Century Festival
1971First issue of "Parish News" published by Tony Gilligan - August 1971
1971St Michael's Church explodes in the finale of the Doctor Who series "The Daemons" starring Jon Pertwee
1972The Sealed Knot Society re-enact the battle of Aldbourne Chase
1974Veterans of 101st Airborne are welcomed back on the 30th Anniversary of D-Day
1980Victorian Festival
1990March- final issue of the "Parish News"
1990Roaring Twenties Festival1994 - Channel Tunnel Opened
1990December - the first issue of "The Dabchick" appears
1991After intensive local lobbying, new social housing units built in Claridge Close and Lottage Road
2000Saxons & Normans Festival2005 - July 7th Bombings in London
2010Cavaliers & Roundheads Festival2012 - Olympic Games in London
2013After a public meeting the Aldbourne Community Heritage Group is formed
2014Severe groundwater flooding leaves parts of the village under water for many weeks and Lottage Road closed
2014Aldbourne Heritage Centre opens